TYPHOID AND CHOLERA VACCINES
It is well known that typhoid and cholera are both due to sewage-contaminated food or water. By means of sanitary improvements, Britain got rid of all of its cholera and most of its typhoid without any vaccines; and officials who now recommend their use must be suspected of having dirty, stupid and slipshod minds and dealt with accordingly.
It was a great pity that the “Old Tiger”, Sir Almwroth Wright, who did such great service to all by turning Listerian surgery out of every hospital in the civilised world, should have spoilt his record by making one of the most hated and dangerous vaccines known to Man. Since very few doctors have much faith in it, we can be brief about it. The story of its use in the Boer War, its rejection and restoration, has been told repeatedly already. The real Press publicity that it got during World War I, however, was an example of how a vaccine can no nothing but harm and yet appear to be an enormous boon. We were told that Wright’s vaccine practically banished typhoid from the Gallipoli campaign. We know that when men got typhoid after vaccination it was called “paratyphoid”. Then, in the same way, came the other paratyphoids, A, B, etc., and if the campaign had lasted long enough, the statisticians would have saved their faces with a whole alphabet of paratyphoids. Many people, old enough to know better, were fooled by this kind of thing, but the main fact—and one which must be taken seriously—is that 96,684 men were invalided out from Gallipohi with enteric disease, which means that the health of the troops was many times worse than it was during the Boer War. Insanitation (including vaccination) was, of course, entirely responsible for this.
As to typhoid “carriers”, we remember the fuss made about Typhoid Mary, but relatively few people know that it had to be allowed to die down when it was found that from 3 to 10 per cent of the dairy workers in New York State were potential Typhoid Marys. Even the official health authorities could see that Americans would not submit to having tens of millions of innocent citizens kept in prison permanently, or allowed to go free only if they had their gall-bladders removed. The whole thing had to be allowed to fizzle out, but it was a cruel and disgusting story while it lasted. If it still survives, it is only in the pages of children’s books or the more incorrigible newspapers.
A point of historical interest and importance about the typhoid vaccine is that when Wright published his opinion that “serum therapy rests upon a foundation of sand”, the Pasteur Institute naturally felt obliged to hit back by proving from the hospital records of France and North Africa that Wright’s typhoid vaccine was quite useless. As mere lay observers, we do not feel that we need say any more about it except that, in its deadly, or health-shattering, effects it has proved to be one of the very worst. Wright’s most loyal and famous pupil, Sir Alexander Fleming, was not the only victim of it. Ask the troops!
Vaccines for whooping-cough seem to be especialy liable to provoke encephalitis, etc. At present there are at least four strains of virus to be dealt with, so that a quadruple vaccine has to be smuggled into babies with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids. It would be hard to guess how two germ poisons and four viruses manage to get along together. We can only recommend readers to leave them alone to settle it among themselves.
Diphtheria fluctuates very greatly in its incidence and mortality, from time to time and from place to place. The word “immunization” is a fraudulent trade term; “inoculation” should always be used instead. As usual, it is impossible for the public to know what any diphtheria vaccine contains or what it will do. Even the makers do not know (see page 19). One thing is certain: the toxoid now being used, if we can trust the description of it in recent books and journals, is very different from the stuff that was used when the mass inoculations began in Britain with Prof. Ramon’s toxoid (anatoxine).
Six years after compulsory poisoning with it began in France, on 1st January 1941, Prof. J. Tissot, of the National Natural History Museum, Paris, wrote to the Minister of Public Health, in May 1947, informing him that diphtheria bacilli could be cultured from the saliva of every child inoculated with Ramon’s toxoid if tests were made from two to five days later. Every doctor in France was challenged to make the tests for himself. Very naturally, the Minister passed the letter to the Pasteur Institute—and then “the balloon went up”. The Board decided that Ramon would have to go, and he was barred from his laboratory, but, as they did not dare to give any reason publicly, they had to wait until Ramon had made rude remarks about their commercialism and their ingratitude for his past services, before they fired him in the following January.
We can appreciate the position in which the Institute was placed. It was founded solely to boost the terror of germs and sell protection against them, and here was Prof. Tissot, a champion of Antoine Bechamp, the man who opposed Pasteur, virtually accusing them of causing, in the six years, 1941-46, 150,000 serious cases of diphtheria, with 15,000 deaths (over and above the average figures). They saw themselves being sued by 15,000 bereaved parents, for all they were worth—and a great deal more! Obviously, they, of all people, could not say that the terrible figures were merely coincidental, or that post hoc arguments prove nothing.
Needless to say, our own Ministry of Health, the Press and the Radio poison-pluggers were too deeply committed then to be able to do anything but maintain a conspiracy of silence. Public interest must always come second to vaccine-mongering
The N.A.V.L., not being addicted to post hoc thinking, could only use the figures to prove that diphtheria had greatly increased in France in spite of compulsory inoculation. It seems fair to estimate, however, that perhaps 3 or 4 per cent of the increase in cases was due to “provocation cases”—a term now frequently used in connection with vaccination campaigns, as a warning against the well-known risk of making epidemics worse.
When the toxoid was first tried out in Alsace, in 1925, Dr. Zoeller inoculated 305 French Army recruits, leaving more than 730 of them uninoculated as controls. In 12 days, the usual incubation period, 11 inoculated men developed diphtheria, while the controls had only 1 case. The Pasteur Institute was equal to the occasion. The 11 cases were not immunised: they had only had 1 “shot”; they needed 3, properly spaced, of course, and then 6 months in which to develop immunity. So the 11 were dumped with the other case, making 12 cases in the “Un-inoculated” group.
We thus see the familiar pattern of the Pasteurian statistics which made the purchase of toxoid compulsory in France, and did great service in starting the polio industry in America. The great charm of the method is that the more infectious the vaccine the better the statistics! It should be obvious that, during the first few weeks of a mass campaign to inoculate with a poisonous vaccine, such as diphtheria toxoid or poliovirus, the one-shot victims will far outnumber those who have had a second shot, and they will also show a worse record for serious or fatal results, because the first shot is more likely to cause trouble than the second. This is taken to prove that two shots are better than one. At this point, somebody whispers that no one who has had three shots has had the disease in question in a serious or fatal form. The fact that no one has yet had three shots, because it takes seven months to give them, is ignored for the moment; the whisper soon becomes an official pronouncement, and the world rejoices. Medical M.P.s, Radio doctors and Ministers of Health revel in it, and vaccine shares reach their highest peak. When, a few months later, there is a growing list of hundreds of serious or fatal cases in “fully immunised” persons, the facts have to be recorded, of course; but the Reports will be marked “Confidential”, if only to hide their source. If they are published at all, it will be by the anti-vaccinationists, whose “influence now is negligible”.
In Britain, early in World War II, diphtheria had been declining for so long that a mass vaccination campaign was decided upon, lest, as in Sweden, there might soon be no more diphtheria to prevent. However, as we had about half-a-dozen vaccines competing with each other, the situation had to be cleaned up. It was obviously impossible to use public money or the BBC to advertise more than one vaccine, so a foreign one was chosen—Ramon’s toxoid— although the Ministry of Health obviously knew no more about it than Ramon did at the time.
The decline in cases and deaths was reversed for some months, but thereafter it resumed its former trend. If this toxoid does not still confer diphtheria bacilli upon its victims, then it must have been changed from its original prescription, although we still hear a lot about “carriers” wherever there is a local outbreak. If the toxoid has not been changed, why was the famous Prof. Ramon fired from the Pasteur Institute in 1948?
TUBERCULOSIS (BCG) VACCINE
Tuberculosis is obviously one disease against which any vaccine must be useless, because TB itself does not immunise the patient who contracts the disease and then recovers; in fact, the reverse is true. Almost every large family must know this from experience. Any kind of inoculation may cause TB, but none can prevent it.
When a very pushing business salesman like Calmette wants to sell a vaccine, however, he sells a vaccine. What is to stop him? When Calmette and Guërin had obtained some filth from a tuberculous cow and cultured it on bile and potato, Sauton’s medium, etc., for many generations, bacteriologically speaking, until it was too weak to give TB to some specially selected and obliging guinea-pigs, it was obvious that the “saving of millions of lives” by the “conquest” of human TB was “just around the corner”, as usual.
Those who can remember 1930 will recall the disaster at Lubeck, where 73 children were killed by oral BCG vaccine in a. few months. It was a big blow to the sale of BCG vaccine in any form, but we are now told, in Margin of Safety (Collins, London), that “a complete enquiry eventually exonerated the vaccine, on the grounds that accidentally a virulent strain had been substituted for BCG – . . ” Is that really true? We do know that two doctors went to prison—one of them committed suicide— as a result of the affair, but we regard them as scapegoats who were sacrificed in order to save the face of BCG. The idea that both of them could have mistaken a bottle of virulent TB germs from Kiel for the BCG culture which they had made themselves is impossible to believe, in spite of the wishful suggestion that the labels might have become detached, etc. The nearest that anyone got to proving that an error had been made was that one woman laboratory worker was bullied into admitting that a mistake might have occurred.
The late Lily Loat, who was for some time educated in Germany, read all the official reports, and she pointed out that the doctors were never charged with having made a mistake in the laboratory, and so they were never convicted of that, but only of failing to recall all the vaccine after it had come under suspicion.
Dr. K. Neville Irvine, in his book, BCG Vaccination in Theory and Practice, gives an account of the disaster, calling it by far the biggest of its kind. He makes no mention of the rumours of an even worse disaster in Madrid a year before, nor of an Association of Spanish pediatricians telling their members not to use BCG vaccine. We never had official and detailed reports of this matter, but it was much discussed at the time of the Lübeck trial, although nothing was said officially. If the rumours were true, the Madrid disaster was worse than anything that followed it. It may be very convenient to deal with one publicised calamity, explain it away and use two medical scapegoats to cover all the deaths caused by BCG all over the world, but the N.A.V.L. are not convinced.
The difficult task of exonerating BCG in Germany went on for years, and the highlight of the drama was the fact that the Kiel TB germs produced a green pigment when cultured in bouillon, and that, when a stray ampoule of the Lübeck vaccine, which had somehow escaped destruction until 1933, was similarly treated, the culture slowly turned green. Very pretty, but we are not satisfied that this “gives the green light” to BCG.
When John Tyndall was writing a paper, in 1875, for delivery to the Royal Society, on 13th January 1876, he mentioned, to quote his own words, “the struggle for existence between the bacteria and the penicillium”, and he remarks incidentally that “the bacteria which manufacture a green pigment appear to be uniformly victorious in their fight with the penicillium”.
Tyndall was not writing only of TB germs, but of any kind that might be found in the air of the Royal Institute, where he was working. Did the green pigment prove identity—or anything at all except that such germs are particularly tough customers? It is only too obvious that the mere virulence of the Kiel and Lübeck cultures was never in dispute.
Incidentally, should any laboratory workers care to use this information and culture such germs to produce a very much needed antidote to penicillin poisoning, the writer will be very pleased—and immensely surprised—to share any Nobel Prize with them!
The most shocking thing about the whole BCG campaign is that, in spite of its trail of death and injury, when it was loudly proclaimed that 100,000,000 children in the U.S.A. and Europe were to have BCG pumped into them, the thing was treated as a noble attempt to wipe out tuberculosis. The Press reacted quite differently to the news of what German vivisectors did to equally defenceless prisoners during World War II. Why?
The whole vast BCG experiment appears to have done nothing at all but give tubercular abscesses to a vast number of poor sufferers who might otherwise have lived without them all their empty lives. Even its protagonists do not seem to love it any longer. How much did it cost, and who got the money?
It appears that epidemic poliomyelitis is a peculiarly American product. That, no doubt, is why, in order to sell us vaccines, we all have to be made polio-conscious. The Radio, if we allow it to, will keep the polio cult going as long as it can; although the frightful dirge broadcast some months ago, glorifying the relentless power of polio, may have caused reactions violent enough to prevent many repetitions of it. Such things should be firmly put down by law.
When Dr. Gustave Rappin, Director of the Nantes Pasteur Institute, wrote a book on infectious diseases, before World War II, he noted the strange fact that, when a few cases of polio appear in a district, it is often impossible to trace any connection between them. One case may be a child sharing a bed with others, with no spread of infection. The nearest other cases may be a mile or so away, all widely separated, with no common milk or water supply, or anything to explain the wide distribution. This seems to mean that the virus is very common and may be in almost everybody, that its infectivity is negligible, and that it requires other factors in order to produce symptoms.
Now, however, since the big-money vaccinators have taken charge, we read of polio-vaccinated babies giving fatal polio to their mothers, etc. Is it possible not to suspect that a new and much more infectious poliovirus has been artificially produced? Remember the myxomatosis virus, a laboratory strain deliberately made more virulent and distributed to kill the rabbits, and the influenza virus of 1918-19, which- arose and spread from the American Army camps after a mysterious though unintended modification and infected half the world’s population.
We have no need here to discuss the battles between the Salk and the Sabin vaccines. Readers who want a real insight into that mutually destructive, big-money war should read Margin of Safety. It is a high-class pot-boiler to boost the Sabin oral vaccines (while there is yet time?), but it contains a lot of alarming and amusing stuff. We doubt, however, whether America will be willing to accept statistics of millions of Russians all saved from polio by pink cocktails! If these contained real virus, developments may be expected eventually—but will they be reported?
The author of the book, Dr. John Rowan Wilson, tells us that Dr. Salk, before he made his vaccine, was in touch with Prof. Lépine, who had replaced Prof. Ramon at the Pasteur Institute. We have discussed the question of “live” and “killed” viruses on pages 32, 33 and 34 of this booklet, dealing with it in the light of the latest discoveries, but Prof. Lépine, in 1950, wrote a book, Poliomyelitis, in which he dismissed the idea of using vaccines against the disease. He says that one either uses a live virus and runs the risk of causing an epidemic, or one uses a killed virus, which does not give lasting immunity.
Nevertheless, he gave a striking proof that, even at that date, he knew what really matters about poliovirus. In Athens, he tells us, monkeys fed upon natural foods and living in the open air were able to bear poliovirus injected right into their brains, and not one of them developed polio, whereas, the same kind of animals, kept in small, dark cages in Paris, and fed upon laboratory (pasteurised?) food, succumbed to the injections at the rate of 9 out of 10!
As this is by far the most important laboratory information ever published in the whole vast literature of the subject, we demand that it should be broadcast in all languages and to all the schools in the world. This would save more lives and more suffering than any vaccine—past, present or future.
Some people may indeed wonder why Prof. Lépine ever began making a polio vaccine, but we cannot help feeling that, when the Pasteur Institute saw the profits that were being made by the Salk vaccine, they may have hinted that if he would not make a new polio vaccine for them, they might find someone else who would.
Nature Cure followers know already that if the pasteurised milk, white sugar and white flour, and all such rubbishy food, could be absolutely banned for a few years, the figures for most serious diseases would fall very quickly.
It is revealing to study the history of polio in the U.S.A., and to compare the graph of the 1916 epidemic, without the use of vaccines, with that of recent years in which we have had the benefit of all the vaccines. The line of the first outbreak rises and falls equally rapidly and looks like a sharp church steeple—quite symmetrical and only covering about two years; the graph of the recent epidemic, on the other hand, covers many years and looks like Milan Cathedral after an air raid. Is this not yet another instance of vaccines prolonging the reign of an epidemic?
TETANUS VACCINE (OR SERUM)
Tetanus, like tuberculosis, is a disease which does not protect the victim against a second or subsequent attack— unless the first one is fatal, of course. It is therefore inexcusable to pretend that one can vaccinate against it. This fact was clearly known to doctors and clearly proclaimed at the end of the last century.
Nevertheless, there is great confusion about this subject. If tetanus is held to be synonymous with lockjaw, there is no recovery rate at all, but people can get something called tetanus several times in a few months; when Army medical reports mention recovery rates of 60 per cent or more, they must be referring to something quite different from true tetanus. This fact, and the confusion in the public mind as to the difference between vaccine and a serum, makes it hard to discuss the subject briefly. If, as some people believe, the tetanus bacillus is merely a morbid, anaerobic evolution of the common colibacillus in its coccal form, this would explain why it is never found in the oxygenated bloodstream, but only at the site of an injury. It would also explain how tetanus may arise without any external wound. What is important is the proper treatment of the wound and the patient, preferably by safer methods than routine serum inoculation, as this has killed large numbers of people.
As to vaccinating against future wounds, the present habit of mixing tetanus vaccine with diphtheria and whooping-cough vaccines makes confusion worse confounded and adds to the danger of causing encephalitis. The only way to escape these confounded dangers is to avoid every vaccine and serum on principle.
The worst thing about the tetanus industry has been the haunting fear, in the minds of most intelligent people, that they may be knocked down in the street and be unconscious when they are first treated by a doctor. This means that they may be inoculated with antitoxin, which may be fatal, as it so often has been. This antitoxin is not sold by blackmailing the patient, who, in any case, cannot give his consent while he is unconscious. In this case it is the doctor who is menaced if he does not use the serum. If the patient should die from tetanus, some serum-worshipper will demand an inquest, so that the doctor can be publicly censured. If, on the other hand, he dies after, and probably from, massive doses of serum, the coroner will describe the case as “one in a million”, and no one will be blamed.
That is how the business has been run for many years, but the doctors are now getting dissatisfied with the position and are trying to replace routine injection with drugs or some other and safer method. It is good news indeed if antitoxin is on its way out at last. Serum-worship has retarded the real progress of medicine for far too long.
YELLOW FEVER VACCINES
The story of “Yellow Jack” and of its conquest by means of mosquito control is very well known, but the sequel, “Yellow Jack Breaks Jail,” published in the American Saturday Evening Post, has not been very closely followed up by most people; it is all too complicated. Apparently, as there were no yellow fever vaccines at the time when the Panama Canal was constructed, something had to be done about this, lest yellow fever should disappear altogether without a vaccine. Consequently, it was then discovered that the monkeys of Brazil had antibodies in their blood, thus “proving” that they had been infected at some time by something like yellow fever. Since the aedes mosquito was not present in the Brazilian jungles, other carriers had to be found, and it appears now that any disease resembling yellow fever, in Brazil or Africa, is carried by ticks or insects. They carry, at the present time, about 60 new yellow-feverish viruses, called “arbor viruses”, and so the possibilities for vaccination are practically limitless. Many nations have compulsory vaccination and they can always add one more to the growing list, just like France.
When the staff of the SHAEF Office had to go to Paris for two or three weeks, just before VE Day, after residing in Grosvenor Square, they all had to be vaccinated against everything, of course, and one of the deadly perils they had to be protected from was yellow fever. So successful was this vaccination in protecting them from the arbor viruses of the jungles of Paris that not one of them developed yellow jack during a whole month! The unqualified success of this daring experiment, and of others like it, no doubt, explains why, according to Margin of Safety, it has been arranged “by international agreement” (probably with no member of the public present) that all travellers to yellow fever areas in Africa or South America shall be compelled to have this dangerous vaccine pumped into them, The show must go on.
The major plagues of history have been studied as closely as possible by modern epidemiologists, and the only safe general conclusion to be drawn is that soil, sanitation and pest control, in that order, are much more important, both to humans and to domestic animals, than any kind of injections.
We, in Britain, need not waste time in discussing plague vaccines, because we got rid of plague completely without them. In recent times, the one plague death reported was that of a scientist who infected himself while working on the disease. He had been vaccinated against it only shortly before—for the 23rd time in 12 years.
Enough has been said (on p. 37) about the impossibility of vaccinating against any new and virulent strain of influenza virus—the only kind that really matters. But, there has been news recently of a new oral vaccine against influenza.
It is impossible to make fair comment upon a new drama, comedy or farce before the curtain has gone up on the first performance. If one warns the public to stay away on the grounds that the stars are hopelessly incompetent and the author an idiot, and tells the management to vacate the theatre and make room for people who know their job, there is likely to be legal trouble. In fact, it has happened.
Nevertheless, we are entitled to suspect that all those vaccines for which safety can be claimed are not really vaccines so much as drugs or placebos.
Nature Cure adherents know that the dangerous complications of influenza are due to bad treatment and other factors. The disease itself is not a killer.
IMMUNITY AGAINST VACCINATIONS AND INOCULATIONS
The immunity of the individual to the vaccination tyranny depends, firstly, upon his knowledge of the real nature and the true history of the business, and, secondly upon his being able to stand up to the completely ignorant and officious underlings who support the whole racket.
It is almost incredible that a liberty-loving country like France should submit to an impudent tyranny which requires that all who want passports to travel abroad should have a large number of poisonous “shots” pumped into them (it was 11 even before the BCG vaccination was made compulsory, and it took over 4 months to give all of them properly). If the whole nation could have the fact brought to their notice at the same moment, there would be a second French Revolution.
We invite all who care for health and liberty to join the N.A.V.L. and be informed in good time as to how to deal with particular problems. Many travellers put off asking for help until it is too late for the League to do anything for them. Some have had all their “shots” and then found that it was not necessary to have any. Many have been mad too ill to travel, and some have been killed through their lack of foresight.
Many members of the League have gone all over the world without any inoculations, but most people can avoid them if they will insist upon their legal rights under Article 83 of the International Sanitary Regulations.
The whole subject of travel restrictions and the vaccination certificates required here and there is, however, to complicated to be described briefly; also, regulations ma be changed or suspended at any time and at short notice.
We therefore urge anybody who cares for human an animal welfare to help themselves and others by joining the National Anti-Vaccination League.